Yes, if you do not care for your dental implants well enough.
If you keep them clean and have them regularly checked by your dental team, you should not have any problems.
Smoking affects the health of Dental Implants, so if you are a smoker you may need to look after the implants more carefully. Smoking is toxic to the gingivae (gum) and hence will have a huge impact on the survival of dental implants. So much so that smoking is often seen as a contra indication.